relief by Oleh Lesiuk]
Further Famine Denial by Walter Duranty in
New York Times, April 6, 1933.
Soviet Industry Shows Big Gains
Output of Coal, Oil, Autos, Iron, Locomotives and Tools Is Up 20 to 35 Per Cent
PRODUCTION COSTS CUT
Compares Favorably With Last Year, Despite Food Shortages
Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES
MOSCOW – April 5.
- In the excitement over the Spring sowing campaign and the reports of an
increased food shortage, a fact that has been almost overlooked is that the
production of coal, pig iron, steel, oil, automobiles, tractors, automotive
parts, locomotives and machine tools has increased by 20 to 35 per cent during
That is the most
effective proof that the food shortage as a whole is less grave than was
believed – or, if not, at least distribution has greatly improved, which comes
to the same thing for practical purposes.
dropped before Christmas t 160,000 tons a day. Today it is averaging 195,000
tons a day. The pig iron output dropped to 14,000 tons daily in January, and
steel to 12,000 tons daily. Today the production of pig iron and steel is
19,000 and 20,000 tons a day, respectively.
Moscow Province, which
supplies almost half the nation’s tractor parts, and Leningrad Province, which
produces a quarter of the parts, both surpassed the program for the first three
months of this year, So did the automotive plants at Nizhni-Novgorad, Kharkov
and Moscow, and the huge new ball-bearing plant on the outskirts of Moscow.
There was also a marked
reduction in first costs, especially in heavy machine production. All of which
goes to show that the recent pessimism-voiced in the Soviet press as
self-criticism, no less than by foreigners-was exaggerated and did not take into
account the fact that Russian workers are gradually learning to handle their
industrial machine, despite delays and obstacles.
It is true, too, that,
although the press insists the rate of Spring sowing in the North Caucasus,
South Ukraine and Volga regions is much lower than it should be, the total sown
area compares favorably with last year, when the sowing was retarded by cold
This year Spring came early
throughout the country and the Moscow River is bringing down ice in its Spring
flood-an occurrence that is not unusual before the third week of April. While
many sections of the South are foul with weeds and while there is a lack of
animal traction and, in some areas, apathy and discouragement among the
peasants, it is beginning to look as if the sowing prospects are better than was
generally expected and the Kremlin has once more proved capable of stimulating
its followers to overcome a difficult and apparently critical situation.
RELATED PUBLISHED ARTICLES
CLICK HERE to read Walter
Duranty's infamous famine-denial article; 'Russians Hungry, But Not Starving'
dated 31 March 1933, in which he personally denigrates Gareth's Jones, for his
CLICK HERE to read Gareth Jones' published
stinging reply to the Editor of the New York Times published on the 13th May
HERE to read a Published Letter (6th April 1933) to the Editor of
the New York Times by reader Katherine Schutcock refuting Duranty's
infamous 31 March 1933 'Russians Hungry, But No Famine' article,
© The New York Times. 1931. N.B. The executive editor
of The New York Times, Bill Keller, told The Washington Post on October
23 2003, that the newspaper would have no objection if
the Pulitzer Prize Board wanted to revoke Mr. Duranty's award. Mr. Keller called
Mr. Duranty's work "pretty dreadful. ... It was a parroting of propaganda."
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[With many thanks to E. Morgan Williams for supplying us with a copy of